Logo MEFANET gateMEFANET Portal
NEW VERSION | česky | english

Respiratory Medicine

Pleuropneumonia

Pleuropneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a serious public health concern and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Despite advances in antimicrobial therapies, microbiological diagnostic tests and prevention measures, pneumonia remains the main cause of death from infectious disease in the world. An important reason for the increased global mortality is the impact of pneumonia on chronic diseases, along with the increasing age of the population and the virulence factors of the causative microorganism.
In 2013, the Global Burden of Disease Study based on data from 188 countries around the world, reported that lower respiratory tract infection was the second most common cause of death. In Europe, mortality rates for CAP vary widely from country to country, ranging from <1% to 48%.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do...

 
author: Ivana Paraničová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Internal Medicine, Respiratory Medicine | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: J18.9 Pneumonia, pneumonia, pleuritis, streptococcus pneumoniae | attachment: 7 | viewed: 126x | published on: 1.1.2018 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a hereditary progressive neuromuscular disorder that is inherited in X-linked recessive pattern. Mutation of dystrophin gene results into a loss of integrity and function of muscular fibres and their replacement by adipose and connective tissue. Muscle degeneration leads to motoric impairment and loss of walk around 12th year of age. Myocardium is also frequently affected. Respiratory muscles impairment and other complications lead to respiratory failure. If left untreated, death occurs around 20th year of life, usually due to cardiac or respiratory causes. Respiratory insufficiency development is treated by mechanical ventilation support.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short

 
 

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Total atelectasis of the right lung due to bronchogenic carcinoma

Despite the emerging developments in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in recent years, it is still the most lethal among all cancers. Atelectasis is a common condition with lung cancer. Central bronchogenic tumors often induce atelectasis due to endobronchial obstruction but less frequently due to compression of tumor or pleural effusion. The presented case describes case of a patient, who was repeatedly admitted to the Department of Pneumology and Phtiseology due to bronchogenic carcinoma with the future release of it´s complications including obstructive atelectasis of the right lung.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short

 
author: Ivana Trojová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Oncology, Radiation Therapy, Respiratory Medicine | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: atelectasis, bronchogenic carcinoma | attachment: 4 | viewed: 86x | published on: 23.12.2017 | last modified on: 30.4.2018

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome

Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is defined as the combined presence of obesity (BMI > 30kg/m2) with awake arterial hypercapnia (pCO2 > 6.0 kPa / 45 mmHg) in the absence of other causes of hypoventilation. The exact prevalence of OHS in the general population remains unknown, and most prevalence data describe subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea, wherein its prevalence has been estimated to range from 10% to 38% in different groups. On the other hand, patients with OHS often suffer from sleep-related breathing disorders. Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea may reach up to 90-95% in OHS patients.

Are the case reports useful for you? Would you also require case reports from other clinical disciplines? Do you have any comments or suggestions for improvement? Please provide your feedback by filling out a short

 
 
SCHWARZ Daniel, DUŠEK Ladislav. A uniform platform for electronic publishing and sharing the educational content in the network of medical faculties MEFANET [online]. Masaryk University, [2008], [cited 2018-06-21]. Available from WWW: <http://portal.mefanet.cz>. Version 1.9 [2014].