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Neurology

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Home mechanical ventilation in a patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a hereditary progressive neuromuscular disorder that is inherited in X-linked recessive pattern. Mutation of dystrophin gene results into a loss of integrity and function of muscular fibres and their replacement by adipose and connective tissue. Muscle degeneration leads to motoric impairment and loss of walk around 12th year of age. Myocardium is also frequently affected. Respiratory muscles impairment and other complications lead to respiratory failure. If left untreated, death occurs around 20th year of life, usually due to cardiac or respiratory causes. Respiratory insufficiency development is treated by mechanical ventilation support.

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Autonomic Nervous system - overview

Autonomic Nervous system - overview

Animated scheme of the Autonomic control of body functions. Turn information on or off for step-by-step study or self - testing. The autonomic nervous system (ANS or visceral nervous system or involuntary nervous system) is the part of the peripheral nervous system that acts as a control system functioning largely below the level of consciousness, and controls visceral functions. The ANS affects heart rate, digestion, respiratory rate, salivation, perspiration, diameter of the pupils, micturition (urination), and sexual arousal. Whereas most of its actions are involuntary, some, such as breathing, work in tandem with the conscious mind.

 
author: Mikuláš Mlček | 1.LF UK | discipline: Pharmacology, Neurology, Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy, Ergotherapy | category: Materials for Lectures | keywords: Autonomic Nervous system, sympathetic, parasympathetic, Physiological regulations, Neural control, Neurophysiology | attachment: 1 | viewed: 5333x | published on: 24.11.2006 | last modified on: 27.4.2012
 
SCHWARZ Daniel, DUŠEK Ladislav. A uniform platform for electronic publishing and sharing the educational content in the network of medical faculties MEFANET [online]. Masaryk University, [2008], [cited 2018-08-19]. Available from WWW: <http://portal.mefanet.cz>. Version 1.9 [2014].