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Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics

Burns

Burns

Human skin seems to be simply external coverage of the human body. This statement is not completely true, as human skin, in addition to its protective function from the external environment, does have a range of other functions such as mechanical barrier, external immune barrier, participation in thermoregulation, excretion of sweat and sebum, sensory functions, and identification functions for the human being. Skin is the largest organ of the human body, as its average surface in adult persons is about 2 m2 and its total mass is about 5 kg. An extensive burn injury affecting more than 20% of the body surface area, can lead to temporary, or permanent dysfunction or failure of the skin organ which could become a life threatening situation.

 

Constrictive pericarditis, reoperation

Constrictive pericarditis, reoperation

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 50-year-old man who underwent surgery for a constrictive pericarditis at a younger age. Current CT and ultrasonographic findings confirmed the recurrence of this disease. Partial pericardectomy was performed with the release of the left ventricular diaphragm wall in particular. The postoperative period was complicated by ventricular fibrillation with high speed response of chambers. After successful cardioversion, the patient was released to outpatient care on the seventh postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: Constrictive pericarditis, atrial fibrillation | attachment: 9 | viewed: 177x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Mitral valve reconstruction because of Barlow's disease with mitral insufficiency, perioperative SAM (systolic anterior motion)

Mitral valve reconstruction because of Barlow's disease with mitral insufficiency, perioperative SAM (systolic anterior motion)

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 26 year old male with M. Barlow. The mitral valvuloplasty was performed. However, the peroperative ultrasonographic finding documented prolapse of the anterior cusp of the mitral valve into the outflow tract of left ventricle. The surgery was supplemented with a suture of the A2-PA segments of mitral valve. The subsequent finding was satisfactory. No more serious postoperative complications were noted. The patient was admitted to outpatient care on the eighth postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: M. Barlow, mitral valve insufficiency | attachment: 14 | viewed: 222x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Ascending aorta replacement and repair of aortic valve because of ascending aorta aneurysm and bicuspid aortic valve with regurgitation

Ascending aorta replacement and repair of aortic valve because of ascending aorta aneurysm and bicuspid aortic valve with regurgitation

The case report describes the hospitalization of a patient with an ascending aortic aneurysm and a bicuspidal aortic valve. Valvular surgery with an annular annuloplasty ring implant was performed. At the same time, replacement of the ascending aorta was performed. There were no more serious complications in the postoperative period and the patient was released to outpatient care on the eighth postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: Aortic valve surgery, bikuspidal aortic valve | attachment: 18 | viewed: 155x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Appendicitis acuta and Meckel diverticulum

Appendicitis acuta  and Meckel diverticulum

Appendicitis is one of the most common reasons for surgery and emergency hospitalization due to acute abdominal pain. Accurate diagnosis of acute appendicitis and subsequent indication for surgery can prevent complications. Conversely, the surgeon´s decision to operate with the aim of avoiding the complications of a late surgical intervention in positive appendicitis cases leads to negative appendectomy in 10,5% of the cases.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: K35 Acute appendicitis, Q43.0 Meckel's diverticulum, appendicitis, diagnostic, surgical treatment | attachment: 5 | viewed: 162x | published on: 13.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Journey of a swallowed wooden stick to the liver

Journey of a swallowed  wooden stick to the liver

Hepatic abscess due to perforation of the gastrointestinal tract caused by ingested foreign bodies is a rare complication. Pre-operative diagnosis is difficult because of negative anamnesis of the accident and symptoms are usually non-specific. Problems can occur after months or even years after incident. CT is the most suitable imaging method for diagnostic.
The authors report a case of 57 year old man who was admitted with liver abscess, who underwent surgery mid-year after swallowing of wooden stick.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: foreign material, perforation, infection, foreign material, perforation, infection | attachment: 2 | viewed: 128x | published on: 28.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

E-LEARNING COURSE: DONATION AND HARVEST OF CELLS AND TISSUES

E-LEARNING COURSE: DONATION AND HARVEST OF CELLS AND TISSUES

The design of the e-learning course: Donation and Harvest of cells and tissues“ is presented. This course represents more advanced updated and enlarged English version of the original e-learning course focused exclusively on the issues of cell and tissue donation and harvest.
The course covers the topic Donation and harvest of cells and tissues and is divided into 2 parts. A test consisting of 5 questions follows each part. If the student answers correctly at least 3 questions he/she is allowed to pass to the next part and/or final test consisting of 15 questions. It is necessary to answer correctly at least 10 questions to complete the course.
The third topic is represented by a database for uploading seminar theses.
The previous experience showed that the e-learning course could serve as a useful support of the elective subject „Basis of Harvest and Preservation of Tissues“. This enlarged and updated English version aimed exclusively at the...

 
author: Pavel Měřička, Pavel Navrátil, Daniel Brandejs, Lubomír Štěrba, Hana Straková, Barbora Honegrová | LF UK Hr. Králové | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Pear reviewed publications, Elearning courses | keywords: E-learning, programmed instructions, cell and tissue donation, cell and tissue harvest, cell and tissue transplantation, tissue bank, tissue establishment, procurement establishment | attachment: 2 | viewed: 5542x | published on: 20.4.2016 | last modified on: 5.8.2016

Pathophysiology for Surgery

Pathophysiology for Surgery

Many medical students in the 5th or 6th year have already partially forgotten the information learned in the 3rd year during the course of pathophysiology, because the main focus of the study has moved onto clinical subjects. However, during the preparation for the state exam from surgery as well as for other clinical exams the students often discover that they need the knowledge of pathophysiology in order to manage the content of the questions for the exams. This is especially true for the topics in general surgery. The aim of our effort was to prepare a textbook in which the students will find the essential up-to-date pathomechanisms of surgical diseases. It is based on the requirements of surgical scientific-pedagogical faculty who are the members of the state exam committee. The textbook is focused not only on pathophysiological aspects of general surgery, but also includes a substantial part of the pathophysiology pertinent to special surgery.
The textbook is based on...

 
author: Miloš Tatár | JLF UK v Martine | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Educational works | keywords: pathophysiology, general surgery, gastrointestinal tract, vascular system, thorax, urology | attachment: 3 | viewed: 2281x | published on: 16.10.2013 | last modified on: 17.10.2013

Videos of surgical procedures in the Department of Burns Medicine Hall of interpretation of explanatory text sheets

Videos of surgical procedures in the Department of Burns Medicine Hall of interpretation of explanatory text sheets

Videos of surgical procedures in the Department of Burns Medicine Hall of explanatory text sheets on the following topics: 1) Amputation of the right upper limb 2) Mesh graft autotransplantation 3) Avulsion 4) Meshing of autografts 5) Suicide

 
author: Josef Bláha | 3.LF UK | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | keywords: Amputation, Autotransplantation, Avulsion, Meshing, Suicide | attachment: 5 | viewed: 2597x | published on: 20.12.2010 | last modified on: 29.1.2011

Using MIPO technique, LCP 4,5/5,0, to treat intraarticular proximal tibia fracture

Using MIPO technique, LCP 4,5/5,0, to treat intraarticular proximal tibia fracture

Intraarticular proximal tibia fracture is usualy very difficult therapeutic problem. In hhis video is showed minimal invasive treatment of the intraarticular proximal tibia fracture of type AO 41-C3 using the MIPO technique, LCP 4,5/5,0. The position of the patient is very important for the operation progress.

 
author: Libor Paša, Peter Wendsche, Ján Kočiš, Andrej Bilik, Radek Veselý | LF MU | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Multimedia, Digital video | keywords: traumatology, surgical intervention, fracture | attachment: 2 | viewed: 6020x | published on: 15.11.2007 | last modified on: 27.10.2011
 

Mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure because of mitral valve stenosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure because of mitral valve stenosis and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 63-year-old patient admitted to the Department of heart surgery for mitral valve stenosis with diagnosed atrial fibrillation. The patient underwent mitral valve replacement and MAZE procedure. At the postoperative period, paroxysm of atrial fibrillation was successfully detected with a successful version. On the tenth postoperative day, the patient was placed in outpatient care.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: Mitral valve stenosis, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation | attachment: 15 | viewed: 248x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Aortocoronary bypass

Aortocoronary bypass

The case report describes the hospitalization of a 58 year old male admitted to our department for documented ischemic heart disease with affection of three coronary arteries. The patient underwent a cardiac surgery with the formation of one bypass with arterial graft and one bypass with venous graft. In the postoperative period, fibrillation of atrial fibrillation with successful cardioversion was noted. The patient was admitted to outpatient care on the seventh postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: Ischemic heart disease, aortocoronary bypass | attachment: 10 | viewed: 145x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Aortic valve replacement because of aortic valve stenosis, repair of tricuspid valve because of regurgitation

Aortic valve replacement because of aortic valve stenosis, repair of tricuspid valve because of regurgitation

The case study describes the hospitalization of women with aortic valve stenosis and secondary regurgitation of the tricuspid valve. The patient underwent aortic valve replacement by bioprosthesis and repair surgery of the tricuspid valve. The postoperative course was complicated by pneumohorax on the right side. Drainage was performed. The patient was placed in outpatient care on the eighth postoperative day.

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author: Tomáš Toporcer | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Cardiology, Angiology, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: Aortic valve stenosis, tricuspid valve insufficiency, pneumothorax | attachment: 13 | viewed: 169x | published on: 22.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Management of breast cancer

Management of breast cancer

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed life-threatening cancer in women and the leading cause of cancer death among them worldwide. It includes a heterogeneous collection of diseases with various histologically defined subsets, clinical presentations, responses to treatment and outcomes. We describe a case of female patient with ductal breast carcinoma.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: D05 Carcinoma in situ of breast, carcinoma of breast, diagnostic, treatment | attachment: 15 | viewed: 144x | published on: 19.11.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Acute abdomen - gallstone ileus

Acute abdomen - gallstone ileus

Gallstone ileus is an uncommon entity, which accounts for 1–4% of all presentations to hospital with small bowel obstruction and for up to 25% of all cases in patients over 65 years of age. Despite medical advances, gallstone ileus is still associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The management of gallstone ileus remains controversial. The clinical signs and symptoms of gallstone ileus are usually non-specific, contributing to a delay in diagnosis. We present our case admitted to the hospital with gallstone ileus.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: biliary ileus, surgical treatment, biliary ileus, surgical treatment | attachment: 5 | viewed: 127x | published on: 28.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Management of pilonidal sinus

Management of pilonidal sinus

A pilonidal sinus is a sinus track which commonly contains hair. It occurs under the skin between the buttocks at a short distance above the anus. Most cases occur in young male adults. The most commonly used therapy is surgery including incisions, marsupialization, primary midline closure and skin flaps. We present two cases treated with different surgical techniques.

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author: Martina Vidová Uğurbaş, Lucia Sukovská Lakyová | UPJŠ LF v Košiciach | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Casuistics in image | keywords: sinus pilonidalis, surgical treatment, sinus pilonidalis, surgical treatment | attachment: 9 | viewed: 133x | published on: 27.10.2017 | last modified on: 16.4.2018

Knee joint aspiration

Knee joint aspiration

Puncture of the large joints can be performed either diagnostically or therapeutically. Synovial fluid aspiration is medically refered to as arthrocentesis. The diagnostic puncture allows us to obtain joint fluid for laboratory examination which can than be investigated by the biochemical and microbiological methods. Therapeutic puncture can also be helpful in relieving joint swelling and pain by aspiration of the content and then ables antiinflamatory medication to be injected into the joint. Removal of joint fluid that is inflammed can also remove white blood cells, that are sources of enzymes, that can be destructive to the joint.

 
author: Valér Džupa | 3.LF UK | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Digital video | keywords: Knee joint aspiration, Punkce kolene | attachment: 1 | viewed: 1195x | published on: 8.11.2014 | last modified on: 10.11.2014

Radiology of bones – basic patterns

Radiology of bones – basic patterns

This presentation covers the principles of radiological skeletal examinations, the indications and the basic semeiological patterns in X-ray osteological imaging. Structural and morphological X-ray skeletal changes in current diseases of bones are treated and images of these affections are presented.
The presentation is followed by control questions (multi-choice test)

 
author: Jan Šprindrich | 3.LF UK | discipline: Radiology and Imaging, Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Presentations | keywords: Skeletal radiology, structural changes of bones, morphological changes of bones, osteoporosis, osteosclerosis, osteolysis, periostosis, anomalies of bones. | attachment: 2 | viewed: 3521x | published on: 4.3.2011 | last modified on: 23.11.2011

Orthopaedics

Orthopaedics

This educational contribution contains folloving topics: Arthroscopy, Surgical and orthotic possibilities of bone tumour pain management, LBP - Low Back Pain, Surgeries in low back pain management, Spinal cord compression in spine tumours and injuries, Osteporosis, Treatment of spinal deformities and Spine traumatology.

 
author: Richard Chaloupka, Martin Repko, Luděk Ryba, Marek Rouchal, Ivan Müller, Martin Krbec, Petr Vališ, Vladimír Tichý, Radim Grosman, Miroslav Nýdrle, Milan Filipovič, Jaroslav Motyčka | LF MU | discipline: Surgery, Traumatology and Orthopaedics | category: Multimedia, Presentations | keywords: diagnostic arthroscopy, arthroscopic surgery, bone tumours, spine tumours, spine injuries, spinal cord compression, spinal deformities, osteoporosis, diagnostics, conservative and surgical management | attachment: 20 | viewed: 7430x | published on: 15.4.2009 | last modified on: 2.8.2016
 
SCHWARZ Daniel, DUŠEK Ladislav. A uniform platform for electronic publishing and sharing the educational content in the network of medical faculties MEFANET [online]. Masaryk University, [2008], [cited 2018-06-20]. Available from WWW: <http://portal.mefanet.cz>. Version 1.9 [2014].